Ghazipur City

Information Of Ghazipur

Ghazipur Ghazipur City is a city/town and a municipal corporation and headquarter of Ghazipur district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Ghazipur Division and Sub-division. Back to the past, it was a place of administration under Guptas dynasty too than earlier as described in Hindu Mythology, as kingdom of King Vishwamitra, who later changed into saint and popularly known as Maharshi Vishwamitra. Later, during muslim rule, it was founded by Sayyeid Masood "Ghazi", during the Tughlaq dynasty. Its ancient name was Gadhipur which was changed to Ghazipur about 1330, reputedly in honour of Ghazi Malik, a Muslim ruler.

Ghazipur is famous for its opium factory, which is the largest legal opium factory in the world started by British East India Company in 1820. It's also home to handloom weaving and a perfume industry. The town is an important agricultural market. Lord Cornwallis, governor-general of British India, died in Ghazipur and is buried there. The town is very close to the UP-Bihar border. The local language at the place is Bhojpuri. Ghazipur borders the important religious city of Varanasi and is situated about 70 km East of Varanasi.

History Of Ghazipur
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Ghazipur was covered with dense forest during the Vedic era and it was a place for ashrams of saints during that period. The place is related to the Ramayana period. Maharshi Jamadagni, the father of Maharshi Parashurama is said to have resided here. The famous Gautama Maharishi and Chyavana were given teaching and sermon here in ancient period. Lord Buddha gave his first sermon in Sarnath, which is not far from the here. The Aurihar region of Ghazipur became the main centre of teachings of Lord Buddha. Many stupas and pillars are the main evidence of that period. Chinese traveller Hieun Tsang visited this area and has described this place as Chanchu "Kingdom of the Lord of battles."

Ghazipur was an important region in the medieval period from the Sultanate era to the Mughal period. During the Tughlaq era, Zuna Khan alias Muhammad bin Tughlaq established the city of Jaunpur as the capital under which Ghazipur was ruled. In the regime of Zuna Khan, Sayyed Masood Ghazi established this town, by defeating Raja Mandhata, a descendent(?) of the brave King Prithvi Raj Chauhan. In the Lodhi period Naseer Khan Nuhani was the administrator of this place. This area was the main center when Babur took over this place and Maseer Khan Nuhani was its administrator. During the reign of Akbar, Afghan Ali Kuli Khan was made the administrator of this place and he established the town of Zamania (A major block of Ghazipur). After the death of Aurangzeb this area was taken over by Zamindar Mansa Ram. Thereafter this place came under the suzerainty of the Benaras State and Raja Bhagwant Singh, son of Mansa Ram, was made the Zamindar of Ghazipur.

The town came to prominence when Jonathan Dunken, a resident of Benares established a judicial court here in 1787. The region fell under the British Rule after Warren Hastings captured it during a battle. Lord Cornwallis who is famous for the introduction of land reforms in British India came to this place and accidentally died here. In his memory a very beautiful tomb which attracts the tourists is also present here.

Ghazipur is fortunate enough that the first scientific society of India was established here in 1862 by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan for propagating modern Western knowledge of science, technology and industry. It was a departure from the past in the sense that education made a paradigm shift from traditional humanisties and related disciplines to the new field of science and agriculture which ultimately paved the necessary background for the establishment of present Technical Education and Research Institute (TERI), a post-graduate college, in the city.

The area is home to many well known freedom fighters. The hero of first war of independence (which is also referred as Sepoy Mutiny) Mangal Pandey belonged to this area (now part of Ballia). The famous Nilha Sahib revolt is also associated with this place where the farmers revolted against the British and set fire to several indigo godowns. This place has played a significant role in the Indian National movement. During the Home Rule movement and the Quit India movement people of Ghazipur took part courageously and fearlessly. During Quit India movement, a group of freedom fighters of Sherpur village under the leadership of Dr. Shiv Pujan Rai hoisted the Tricolour at Mohammadabad tehsil. Parashuram Rai took part in the quit India movement.

 

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